The materials found in the Sensorial area of the Montessori classroom are designed to allow the child to explore their senses and use those senses to begin to classify and order objects in the environment. Through the processes of working with Sensorial materials, a child develops a vocabulary to describe the world around him/her, learns to experiment with objects of difference shapes and sizes, and develops the foundation of knowledge needed to explore higher levels of mathematics and science. Using the Sensorial materials, children explore activities that ask them to create order using tactile, auditory, visual, and olfactory senses. Music is a fundamental element in the Sensorial area and children are exposed to many genres of music.
The Sensorial materials also lend themselves well to the development of collaborative and cooperative work skills. As children are allowed to use the Sensorial materials in pairs, children build skills necessary to working together with another child, including cooperative planning, problem solving and communication skills.